COMITE PILOTAGE DIALOGUE NATIONAL

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COMITE PILOTAGE DIALOGUE NATIONAL

Post by » Mon Apr 24, 2006 5:16 pm

[quote]
COMITE PILOTAGE DIALOGUE NATIONAL

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L'ancien consul général d'Haiti en République dominicaine informe avoir perdu tout contact depuis décembre avec le comite de pilotage du dialoguue national et affirme n'être pas un salarié
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Port-au-Prince, 19 avril 2006

(AHP)- L'ancien consul général d'Haiti en République dominicaine, Edwin Paraison qui a été désigné représentant du comité de pilotage du dialogue national pour l'Amerique Latine et les Caraibes, déclare avoir perdu tout contact , avec les principaux responsables de ce comité depuis décembre 2005.

M. Paraison réagissait à une dépêche de l'AHP relayant des extraits d'un article du Journal haitien Le matin faisant état d'un budget de 52 millions de gourdes dépensés surtout en salaires par le comité, en dépit du fait que le dialogue lancé par le président intérimaire Boniface Alexandre était toujours dans l'impasse près d'un an après son lancement au palais national par le gouvenement intérimaire.

Aucun canal de communication n'a été etabli avec moi, pour le moins, sur le déroulement des travaux du Comite. Je ne savais même pas le montant des salaires tels que publiés par la presse, a souligné Paraison, ajoutant que "dans mon cas particulier je ne suis pas salarié".

Il a fait savoir que même les débours qu'il a faits lors du lancement du comité en decembre 2005 à Port-au-Prince ne lui ont pas été remboursés jusqu'a présent.

Selon le Journal Le Matin, le président du comité de pilotage, le pasteur Edouard Paultre, également président de la fedération protestante d'Haiti et le secrétaire exécutif , Narcisse Fièvre perçoivent chacun un salaire mensuel de 150.000 gourdes. Le consultant paticuliier de M. Paultre touche 43.500 gourdes.

Chacun des deux secrétaires exécutifs adjoints gagnent 100.000 gourdes mensuellement, alors que les hauts responsables du comité n'auraient realisé que 3 réunions depuis décembre 2005.

AHP 18 avril 2006 4:05 PM

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Post by admin » Mon Apr 24, 2006 5:30 pm

Des salaires pourquoi?

Autre sujet, mais même question: Si je me rappelle bien, il y a eu un Comité en charge de la Célébration du Bicentenaire, dirigé par Professeur Leslie Manigat. Est-ce qu'ils l'ont fêté, ce bicentenaire? Je le demande, parcequ'il se peut que je ne l'aie pas remarqué, par faute d'attention.

Qu'en est-il de ce COMITE PILOTAGE DIALOGUE NATIONAL ?

Y a-t-il eu d'autres comités encore?

Le gouvernment intérimaire s'est-il endetté au nom du peuple haitien pour pourvoir à bonne fins (?) les travaux de multiples comités? Je n'accuse pas. J'aimerais savoir.

Sans oublier notre Conseil de Sages Revanchards...


Se pèp ayisyen an kap peye pou tout bagay sa yo???

Ki jou fèt la pou l ale dyaloge e selebre, apre tout bèl preparasyon sa yo?

Charles Arthur
Posts: 151
Joined: Tue May 25, 2004 7:35 am

Background on 'National Dialogue' from a HSG internal report

Post by Charles Arthur » Tue Apr 25, 2006 7:13 am

From a Haiti Support Group internal report drafted in June 2005

Chapter Six - National dialogue

Background:
For some years now a number of the established ‘professional' politicians have been talking about the need for a national dialogue in order to achieve some reconciliation between enemies, and some agreement on a programme or agenda around which all parties, factions and sectors of society could work, so that the country's descent into deeper poverty, anarchy and/or an international protectorate can be averted. One of the most vocal proponents in recent times has been Turnep Delpé, leader of the PNDPH social democratic party.

Since early 2004, the concept of a national dialogue has also been supported by the international community and by the Latortue government, but nothing much was done other than to talk about the subject of the Fanmi Lavalas party's participation. (The FL had taken the position of no participation unless the Latortue government ended arrests and detention without trial of FL activists, and an end to what it described as “attacks” on Port-au-Prince slum areas reputed to be bastions of FL support.)

Current situation:
In December 2004, interim prime minister, Gérard Latortue, announced the creation of a commission (committee) headed by the Konakom party's Mischa Gaillard and tasked with starting a national dialogue process. Interim President Boniface Alexandre later officially endorsed the government's national dialogue process. However, the terms of reference of this commission were widely criticised by activists in the popular sector because there were important issues that the national dialogue was forbidden to discuss. For example: changes to the Constitution, and the April 2004 pact between the traditional parties and the Latortue government following the departure of Aristide (representatives of the participating parties agreed to support the interim government, and in return they or their nominees were allocated positions in the government, the ministries and other state institutions).

PAPDA's Camille Chalmers said, "We need a genuine national dialogue...to look at the country's real problems - the economy and the political institutions. Unfortunately, the government has closed down the possibility of a genuine dialogue by prohibiting certain questions from appearing on the agenda."

The AJH's Guy Delva was invited to several meetings at the National Palace to discuss the Latortue commission's national dialogue process, but he did not agree to participate in it. He said, “I told them that if they want to organise a meaningful dialogue, it can't just be between people who already agree on almost everything…a dialogue just amongst themselves will not produce any results.”

In May 2005, Misha Gaillard's national dialogue commission announced the membership of an Independent Preparatory Commission for the National Dialogue 1. There are twelve members, of whom two are members of the Group of 184, two are members of the Convergence parties, one is a neo-Duvalierist, and one is in Guy Philippe's party. Thus, half of the 12 are already clearly identified as on the right and/or virulently anti-Fanmi Lavalas. As for the other six members, there is one member of Catholic Church hierarchy, one minor political party leader (Gerard Blot, who for some years has occupied a niche as the representative of non-aligned parties – however, these tiny ‘particles' have negligible support), one private university lecturer, one Vodou intellectual, and Marie Mause Jeune, about whom little is known. Lastly, and significantly there is the former FL Senator,Yvon Feuillé.

Feuillé's participation has been trumpeted as a sign that the FL might be willing to end its boycott of the political process. Feuillé himself said that he had agreed to take part in the preparatory commission for national dialogue in order to test the good faith of the interim government on a range of questions. He said he was there to defend three issues: the release of the political prisoners, the creation of a government of national union, and the return of constitutional order in the country. Feuillé said he recognised that his presence in this commission is not unanimously supported within the FL party, and the apparent breakthrough in getting the FL involved was short-lived as, a few days later, FL representatives believed to be close to Jean-Bertrand Aristide – the FL leader – denounced Feuillé's participation and said he did not represent the party.

The new UN Security Council resolution extending the MINUSTAH until February 2006 praised the interim government's national dialogue process.
Point 11 of UNSC resolution 1608 (2005): “Welcomes the launching on 7 April 2005 of the “national dialogue” by the Transitional Government of Haiti, and stresses that such a dialogue should serve the long-term aim of national reconciliation and, in the shorter term, the holding of credible and inclusive elections; urges the Transitional Government of Haiti to redouble its efforts for this essential process and invites all Haitians to participate in this dialogue without delay”

However, despite this endorsement, members of the popular sector in Haiti believe that this commission has very little chance of creating a meaningful dialogue. It is not broad-based enough to reach out to all sectors of society. It is far too loaded with representatives of the mainstream anti-FL alliance circa 2003-4. As for the rest of the members, they represent only a narrow Port-au-Prince-based and intellectual/elite sector. Representatives of the peasantry, informal sector workers, formal sector workers including state-employees, teachers, health-workers, fishermen, transport drivers, journalists, students, etc. are conspicuous by their absence.

Towards a genuine and inclusive national dialogue process:
Having rejected the interim government's national dialogue process, PAPDA and others in the NGO/grassroots sector are instead in favour of an inclusive and wide-ranging national dialogue. This is seen as a way of including civil society organisations in the development of a programme, or plan, to save the country. The assumption is that neither the interim government's national dialogue (supported by some political parties and the international community) nor the Group of 184 'social contract', are inclusive of wider civil society nor prepared to consider the radical steps needed to address the crisis.

The AJH's Guy Delva said, “There are people who want to move the country forward, to be given a chance to contribute, but the only people allowed to speak are the FL, the Group of 184, and the traditional parties. Not everyone in the country is part of one of these groups, but their voices are never heard. This is a big problem.”

While the call for a inclusive national dialogue process remains – as yet - short on specifics, there are concurrently several initiatives to try and revive/solidify/unite the country's once vibrant popular movement. These initiatives can be seen a preparatory work for the creation of a genuine national dialogue.

Reviving the peasant movement
One of these initiatives is to encourage moves to enhance cooperation between different peasant organisations. The two oldest and most established peasant organisations – the MPP and Tèt Kole ti Peyizan Ayisyen – discussed unification back in the late 1980s, but ideological differences could not be overcome. In the mid-late 1990s, former president René Préval and murdered radio journalist Jean Dominique were involved in the creation of an Artibonite-based peasant organisation with the acronym, KOZEPEP. This organisation collapsed in the early 2000s as a result of moves to co-opt leaders and a repressive climate under the FL government. More recently, there have been moves to develop new platforms of regional peasant organisations, and there has been some success with the creation of the Mouvman Revandikatif Peyizan Latibonit, (MOREPLA, the peasant's movement for justice in the Artibonite), and the Kòdinasyon Rejyonal Oganizasyon Sidès (KROS, the coordination of regional organisations in the South-East).

Cantave Jean-Baptiste – director of World Neighbours (Vwazan Mondyal), a NGO working in community and reproductive health as well as micro-credit and strengthening of community organisations, mainly in the Central Plateau and the Artibonite –underscored some of the difficulties involved in getting peasants involved in political organisations. He said, “We need to develop a social network but everyone is very suspicious.” In his opinion peasants were not interested in politics because they have too many other problems to deal with.

More positively, at the beginning of July 2005, a year-long effort to unite the different peasant organisations in a national structure came to fruition with the unveiling of the Plateforme Nationale des Organisations Paysannes Haitiennes (PLANOPA), composed of the following seven organisations:
Tèt Kole ti Peyizan Ayisyen (national),
Mouvman Peyizan Nasyonal Kongrè Papay (MPNKP) (national),
Mouvman Peyizan Papay (MPP) (Central Plateau),
Konbit Peyizan Nip (KPN) (south-west),
Mouvman Revandikasyon Peyizan Latibonit (MOREPLA) (Artibonite),
Rezo Koperativ Peyizan Ba Latibonit (RACPABA) (Artibonite),
and the peasant branch of Kòdinasyon Rejyonal Oganizasyon Sidès (KROS) (south-east).

Another initiative is focused on supporting the Tet Kole Ti Peyizan national peasant organisation, and is championed by four NGOs - SAKS, PAJ, ITECA and ICKL 2. Part of this initiative is an ICKL effort to prepare a summary of peasant organisations' demands/proposals in order to use this document in discussion with candidates in the forthcoming elections. ICKL's Marc-Arthur Fils-Aimé said that he hoped that the draft document would be ready by late August.

All this work with peasant organisations is supported by the progressive organisations which talk about a genuine national dialogue because all believe that the peasantry has so far been left out of all development and political plans, and should be included if Haiti is to save itself from disaster.

National peasant affairs commission: Concurrently, the Prime Minister Gérard Latortue has convened a national peasant affairs commission chaired by the MPP/MPNKP leader Chavannes Jean-Baptiste. The HSG spoke to Rénald Clerismé, a founder of the Tèt Kole movement and formerly Haiti's representative at WTO/UNCTAD, who now sits on the peasant affairs commission as a counsellor representing Tèt Kole. He said that the aim of the commission is to canvass the opinion of peasant organisations across the country in order to draw up a comprehensive situation report, including the main issues and demands emanating from the organised peasant sector, and to be in a position to present this report to the incoming government following the elections. According to Clerismé, the work of the commission has been delayed by a shortage of funds from Latortue. However, the first of a series of planned regional assemblies of peasant organisations was convened in Terrier Rouge, in the north-east, in June. Clerismé reports, “Over 100 peasants attending, representing all the peasant organisations in the north-east, including some people from Maribahoux who discussed the damage caused by the construction of the FTZ at Ouanaminthe.”

On unifying the peasant movement:
PAPDA's Camille Chalmers was critical of the peasant affairs commission, saying peasants should be mobilising, not waiting for an interim government commission to do something. He suggested that the commission has a demobilising effect. ICKL's Fils-Aimé conceded that the fragile unity of the peasant organisations would be severely tested if organisations' leaders entered the election contest. He noted that Chavannes Jean-Baptiste had recently launched a political party, KONBAH, and that KROS' leader, former Agriculture Minister, Gérald Mathurin, may also have ambitions for political office.


Organising in the urban milieu
While there are sound ideological reasons for the focus on the organised peasantry, it must also be recognised that political organising amongst the urban poor remains problematic (more problematic than in the countryside) because of the strong influence still exerted by the FL party which the progressive organisations can't work with, and vice-versa.

SAKS' Sony Esteus recognises that as well as helping the peasant movement, he and his colleagues must also reach out to the urban poor. He said, “There are many organisations in those areas that we used to work with. They were persecuted under Aristide, and now they can't be active because of the gangs.”

An independent human rights monitor who regularly visits the most lawless and poverty-stricken Port-au-Prince slum areas said that people living there do want to organise themselves to address their common problems: “People in Bel-Air and Cité Soleil want to move on, they want to organise, but they cannot because of the gangs. These gangs – some of them criminal, some of them with political motivations – unite to fight against incursions by the police and the UN.”

With regard to organising civil society in the capital, it should be noted that numerous progressive organisations are part of/supportive of the campaign against the high cost of living currently being run by the PAPDA, the UNNOH teachers' union, and some student organisations. Since the beginning of May, progressive activists have staged weekly sit-ins outside the Ministry of Commerce. The protesters have been denouncing the recent increases in petrol and diesel that, they say, are making life impossible for small merchants and others who use public transport. The sit-ins also aim to force the interim government to intervene to reverse recent price rises for maize, rice, beans, cooking oil and charcoal.

This campaign has not yet mustered much popular support despite the fact that poor people are badly hurt by the high costs, and the reason for this lack of involvement is again related to the legacy, and continued influence of the FL, as well as the violence in the city. However, it is an important initiative, and international NGOs should find some way of supporting it, and the organisations involved.

The ICKL's Fils-Aimé said, “The population is following it with interest. Now we have to get them involved. We have to separate them from the gangs.”


Notes
1. Members of the interim government-appointed national dialogue commission – announced at the end of May 2005:
Yvon Feuillé, Lavalas Family party Senator;
Goodwork Noël, member of Guy Philippe's Front de Reconstruction Nationale party and a former departmental police chief;
Max Beauvoir, one of country's best-known houngans (Vodou priests);
Joseph Gayot, former archbishop of Cap-Haitien;
Edouard Paultre, leader of the Haitian Protestant Federation, member of the Group of 184;
Mme Dominique Bazin, executive director of the Franco-Haitian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, member of the Group of 184;
Gérard Blot, leader of the Tèt Ansanm party, and former minister of public administration in the Aristide/Werleigh government,
Narcisse Fièvre, lecturer at the private Quiskeya University;
Yves Cadet, former minister of the environment in the Préval/Alexis government, and linked at that time to the Espace de Concertation coalition of centre-right parties;
Mme Marie Mause Jeune, Kolektif Fanm Pou Developman;
Volvick Rémy Joseph, leader of the neo-Duvalierist party, the National Cooperative Action Movement (MKN), a former health minister under President Jean-Claude Duvalier, and a former member of the electoral council under President Aristide (2002-3);
Jean Robert Vaval, a member of the Konakom party and former minister of culture in the Préval/Alexis government.

2. Sosyete Animasyon Kominikasyon Sosyal (SAKS) – en français : Société d'Animation et de Communication Sociale – est une institution indépendante qui utilise la communication populaire pour aider la majorité de la population haitienne, à la ville comme à la montagne, à participer comme acteur de développement. La communication populaire vise à apporter le changement social, le développement culturel et la démocratie pour tous.

Programme Alternative Justice (PAJ) PAJ works towards the construction of a fully democratic society through an in-depth reform of the justice system and the establishment of "alternative justice" which takes into account all sectors of society. They work through training sessions aimed at increasing public participation and knowledge of the justice system and the development of an alternative use of the law that does not exclude the marginalized majority of the population.

Institut de Technologie et d'Animation (ITECA): L'ITECA a été fondé en 1978, par un groupe de professionnels et de religieux haitiens. Il est conçu comme lieu d'échange, d'analyse, de formation, afin de renforcer l'action des organisations paysannes. L'Institut a opéré un choix conscient en faveur des plus démunis en mettant à leur disposition les ressources dont il dispose. De plus grâce à la formation fournie, ITECA souhaite jouer un rôle de catalyseur auprès des groupes de base en encourageant leur créativité, en favorisant la concertation pour l'action et en travaillant pour le renforcement et la dynamisation de ces groupes.

L'Institut Culturel Karl Lévêque (ICKL) est une fondation privée non-confessionnelle, à but non lucratif et n'est lié à aucun parti politique. Créée en juillet 1989, l'ICKL se définit comme un centre de réflexion d'analyse sociale et d'éducation populaire qui entend apporter sa contribution aux luttes de libération des couches populaires de la société par le biais de la réflexion théorique, de l'analyse et de l'accompagnement des groupes de base. Il veut en effet :
• participer à la tâche urgente de penser le politique en Haiti ;
• contribuer à l'élucidation des blocages théoriques et pratiques du mouvement populaire ;
• permettre la mise en place d'un espace de lutte autonome et structuré.

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