La Faillite de l'Electricite D'Haiti (EDH)

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T-dodo

La Faillite de l'Electricite D'Haiti (EDH)

Post by T-dodo » Fri Feb 24, 2006 9:15 am

[quote]
National 23 Février 2006
Éd'H: la faillite!

Haiti, le pays où la première ampoule électrique de la Caraibe s'est allumée pourrait passer en 2006, plusieurs jours sans voir briller un lampadaire comme c'est déjà le cas. Point besoin d'en parler dans tous les médias. Tout le monde est au courant. « L'augmentation du black-out », ces derniers jours, à Port-au-Prince n'est plus une information. Mais les raisons qui justifient ce rationnement du courant électrique en sont une. Révélation des causes de l'évidente faillite de l'Électricité d'État d'Haiti (Éd'H).

Un poster produit par l'Ed'H, confirmant sa faillite

« On est jeudi, j'habite à Delmas, et la dernière fois que j'ai vu une ampoule allumer chez moi c'était lundi », se plaint un abonné de l'Éd'H. « Je suis to
ut aussi frustré que tous les autres abonnés, car, depuis trois jours, je n'ai pas droit à une minute de courant chez moi », apprend-on du Directeur Général de l'Éd'H, l'Ingénieur Jean Errol Morose, qui constate, impuissant, la faillite de la compagnie qu'il dirige depuis plus d'un an. D'une source bien informée, nous avons appris les raisons qui expliquent pourquoi le rationnement du courant électrique est si drastique depuis plusieurs semaines et celles qui confirment que l'on n'est pas prêt de sortir du black-out.

Il ne peut pas ne pas avoir de black-out

175 mégawatts. C'est la quantité d'énergie électrique qu'il faudrait pour alimenter 24/24 la zone métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince. La centrale hydro-électrique de Péligre, la plus importante de tout le pays, produit actuellement 13 mégawatts sur 54 de sa capacité réelle. La saison sèche en est la cause. Les centrales thermiques de Carrefour et de Varreux sont fermées pour réparation. L'État haitien p
aie, pour environ 1.3 million de dollars américains par mois, 50 mégawatts, consommés ou pas, de la compagnie américaine ALSTOM. Mais, d'après les clauses du contrat, la ASLTOM fournit l'énergie et l'État haitien le carburant. Soit cent mille (100.000) gallons de diesel par jour à raison de 109 gourdes par gallon. Soit dix millions neuf cent mille (10.900.000) gourdes, pour les 6 à 8 heures d'électricité que les abonnés obtenaient autrefois. Aujourd'hui, certaines zones de la capitale n'en reçoivent que pour une demi-heure tous les trois jours.

Recette nulle de l'Éd'H

Alors que la recette moyenne de l'Éd'H ne dépasse pas les 3 à 4 millions de gourdes par jour, 50% de ce montant va directement dans les caisses de la SOGENER qui alimente en énergie électrique les principales villes de province: Cap-Haitien, Cayes, Gonaives, Saint-Marc et Petit-Goâve. A cause du vol de l'électricité, l'Éd'H perd 55% de sa production. Alors que l'Éd'H vend le Kwh à la caté
gorie résidentielle à 5,04 gourdes, l'État haitien l'achète à 6,07 gourdes de la ALSTOM. L'Éd'H exige 300 gourdes comme frais d'installation, alors que le matériel utilisé pour le branchement coûte $75 US ou 3281.25 gourdes (au taux du jour).

Panne de réseaux

La dernière rénovation au niveau du réseau métropolitain date du début des années 80. Et seulement 85% de ce réseau a pu bénéficier de ces réparations. Les 15% non rénovés sont aujourd'hui pratiquement inexploitables. Le réseau de distribution du courant électrique est vieux de près de 40 ans. Certains ne peuvent tout simplement plus être réparés parce qu'on ne fabrique plus à l'étranger certaines pièces indispensables à leur remise en fonction. Alors qu'il faudrait 175 Mégawatts pour alimenter 24/24 la zone métropolitaine, le réseau ne peut pas transiter plus de 90 Mégawatts. Même si on disposait de la quantité d'énergie suffisante pour alimenter Port-au-Prince, on aurait tout de même un grave problèm
e de réseau, souligne notre source.

Il y a toutefois de l'espoir pour le carnaval. Ces festivités ne se dérouleront pas dans le noir total. Après que l'aide pour l'achat du carburant de l'USAID eut cessé, une demande auprès du ministère des Finances vient d'être agréée. D'ici un à deux jours, la ALSTOM recevra les 100 000 gallons de diesel quotidiennement pour faire fonctionner ses deux centrales qui fournissent au total 50 Mégawatts à l'Éd'H. Cette dernière disposera d'environ 70 à 80 Mégawatts pour les prochains jours, en attendant que la pluie revienne. Et l'année prochaine, les 175 000 abonnés de l'Éd'H se retrouveront dans la même situation. A quand une solution définitive au black-out ? L'Éd'H, elle aussi, se le demande.

Gaspard Dorélien
gasparddorelien@lenouvelliste.com[/quote]

Leonel JB

Post by Leonel JB » Fri Feb 24, 2006 5:30 pm

Great one JM.

This is a major problem. I am wondering what are the alternatives? The world is having a big concern with the problems of Energy. The well developed Countries are having energy shortage! What about a small Country like Haiti?

There is also the problem of Cumberland. I don't know the percentage. But, it is pretty high.

We Haitians have a very good Idea on how to resolve any problem. We do it individually. Electricity problem, well Inverter will do. Inaccessible roads, 4 by 4 will do the job. For clean water, we can have our big tank of water...

We fix the problems of Haiti, individually. When will it end? We have some very big challenges. We will need major help1 I don't know from who or where will it come.

By the way JM, which is more important, electricity, water or roads? Bagay yo rEd. Nou reyElman pa gen tan pou nou fE djOl pwEs. Pale franse, fE literati. Been there, done that. We need to f
ace reality.

And reality shows me that Haiti will need the World. For, there is no budget or money. We have no time to waste. So many things to do. JwEt la rEd...

L'union fait la force,

leonel

T-dodo

Post by T-dodo » Fri Feb 24, 2006 7:15 pm

Like Frantz Jean showed in his project in Port-à-Piments, it seems that solar energy must be part of Haiti's solution to the electricity problem, especially in the rural areas. By trying to apply small fixes, we ended up with that mess described above.

In response to your question, I think everything will probably have to start with electricity. However, it does not mean that you try to fix many things at the same time when there are not mutually exclusive. Even Duvalier recognized that in his feeble attempt at development, when he was not too busy killing people.

J-M

Leonel JB

Post by Leonel JB » Sat Feb 25, 2006 2:27 am

JM, I heard that Solar energy costs so much. A lot of other Countries tried it but it is not a sure thing. But I've seen in Germany, they have a lot of windmill. And also a lot of those developped Countries are using Natural Gas which they get in the Earth cores (if I'm not mistaken). We will need to study this further.

The new Government will need to have experts in everything. They will need to meet with a lot of other Countries and research these things. This World is very global. We can not alienate ourselves if we want to make it. We need more PR and diplomacy.

Our biggest problem is the utility Companies are the People piggy Banks. Where, people on the top only get richer and richer. Most of them are unqualified. They are placed by President X or Z to make money. The Organization'sbudget is theirs. This cycle needs to stop. There is no reason for a president of a Company like Teleco to be Millionaire after 2 months of tak
ing the job. It is not normal.-

We've seen it with Duvalier. We saw with Aristide and Latortue & Boniface. Teleco pa piyay. EDH pa pouw volE. If you don't do a good job. You can be fired or jailed if you stole. It is not a Political job.

How are we gonna break this cycle? Because a lot of people are waiting to get called by the new President to make money. Not to help the Country. Si ou pran on gwo job an Ayiti. Ou pa rich. Moun ap trete w de nEg sOt. You were not a good Director or President. By the way, Directors in Haiti do not like to be audited...

Can we prove otherwise? I don't know. We can try, but it's not gonna be easy. People expect you to steal and give jobs to unqualified MOUN PA.

Ayiti pa peyi pou medyok ankO. Tout moun sipoze bay kote yo jwen kOb? Pa gen rezon pou on chEf Polis milyonE. Pa gen rezon, pou on sekirite gad chaje ak kOb lE papaw ak manman w pat kite senkOb. E, ou pat gen nan loto.

On Oganizasyon konkou IRS tap fE bagay yo nan plas yo. Bare
VOlE yo!

Enmi Ayiti pa etranje vrEman. Men Zenglendo ABiye ak Sankoutya kap souse tout mwEl peyi a.

VOlE, Vakabon, Zenglendo, ak Sanzave ap detwi peyi a depi apre lendepandans. Yo touye Desalinn pou on kozman regle papye tE. Yo pa janm chanje!

L'union fait force,

leonel

Tidodo_

Post by Tidodo_ » Sat Feb 25, 2006 8:05 am

Leonel,

I agree with what you said, most particularly the parts about corruption and ways to prevent it. We will have to wait and see the performance of the people appointed by the president and that of the prime minister as well, if one made it through parliament. This is not going to be easy.

As far as solar energy, I recognize like you do that it is costly. My point was not to replace thermal and hydroelectric energies with solar. But rather to use solar energy when thermal and hydroelectric energies are more expensive. I can think that in the rural areas, at least in the short term, it won't be easy to provide electricity coming from thermal and hydroelectric plants. An example of Frantz Jean's project in Port-à-Piments is a good one when you can alleviate the lack of running electricity by using solar energy for some tasks, such as running computers, boiling water for showers, cooking, etc. I am not an expert in this field,
but contrary to Germany we have plenty of sun. We should invest in research to take advantage of all these sunny days we have in Ayiti.

Perhaps, Leonel, windmill has also its place in Ayiti's energy use. I can imagine many of the mountain tops in the country side where winds should be plentiful. My point is that we need to look at other ways to provide the country with electricity and not be entirely dependent on thermal and hydroelectric, especially in the rural areas. By so doing, we would have improved the quality of lives of the people and not make them wait for countrywide development that has been taking forever to arrive.

J-M

Carline
Posts: 19
Joined: Tue Oct 11, 2005 7:43 pm

Post by Carline » Sat Feb 25, 2006 9:04 pm

The alternative energy resources (wind, solar, geothermal, etc...) have been the stars lately because of the latest research showing that we are running out of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal, etc...). The advantage to this craze is that the technology is getting better and bigger and more products are available using these alternative energy sources. Solar energy seems more viable in a country like ours and although the technology seems expensive it does offer a better outlook than the other methods we've tried unsuccessfully.

Leonel JB

Post by Leonel JB » Sun Feb 26, 2006 2:27 am

My question is this, Can we do it alone?

No other Country can survive alone in this Global market. We would need a lot of footworks and compromises. For, for any collaborating Countries, what is the return? Or, what's in it for Them?

The energy crisis in Haiti is real and URgent. We don't have a R and D in Teleco or EDH. How are we going to tackle this very important issue?

In order to employ People from the Masses, we will need investments from Companies. The Masses need to put food on their tables. Literati, lontan te ka sEvi, Kounye ya mkwE pifO se la pratik (Manno C).

Tidodo (mwen renmen l nEt) ak Carline, Haiti will need your expertise and all of others who want to save our People.

I am very hopeful that things will get better. Thee is a dimmed light, ready to shine! Ak pasyans, nap jwenn tete foumi.

L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE. And I mean Real Union where the Elite would be joined forces with the Mass
es and Diaspora (including BLAN).

Bay Ayiti on chans,

leonel

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