From Slave to Emperor, His Majesty, Jean Jacques Dessalines

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Ezili Danto
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Joined: Sat May 31, 2003 11:57 pm

From Slave to Emperor, His Majesty, Jean Jacques Dessalines

Post by Ezili Danto » Sat Oct 21, 2006 3:43 pm

[quote] WORDS OF DESSALINES:

"...Je suis soldat, la guerre fut toujours mon partage, et tant que l'acharnement, la barbarie et l'avarice de nos ennemis les porteront sur nos rivages, je justifierai votre choix, et combattant à votre tête, je prouverai que le titre de vote général sera toujours honorable pour moi. Le rang auquel vous m'élevez m'apprend que je suis devenue le père de mes concitoyens don't j'etais le defenseur...le père d'une famille de guerriers…je renonce, oui je renonce à l'usage injuste de faire passer ma puissance à ma famille. Je n'aurai jamais égard à l'ancienneté, quand les qualités requises pour bien gouverner ne se trouveront pas réunies dans le sujet; souvent la tête qui recèle le feu bouillant de la jeunesse de son pays que la tête froide et expèrimentée du vieillard qui temporise dans les moments ou la témérité seule convient. C'est à ces conditions que je suis votre supèrieur, et malheur a celui qui portera sur les degrés du trône, élevé par la reconnaissance de son peuple, d'autres sentiments que ceux d'un père de famille." (Jean Jacques Dessalines, "Lettre Responsive De Dessalines a la Requete De Ses Generaux" Feb. 15, 1804. Source: "La Constitution de 1805...deux cents ans après: Les chants de resistance" by Bell Angelot, p. 100; See also "Nomination De Dessalines Comme Empereur," dated in Port-au-Prince, January 25, 1804 and signed by the Generals of the then Revolutionary Haitian army, including Vernet, Clerveaux, Christophe, Pétion, Gabart, Geffrard, Jean-Louis Francois, Férou Gerin, Magny, Raphael, Lalondrie Paul Romain, Cange Jean-Phillipe, Daut, Toussaint, Brave, Morau Yayou, Magloire, Amboise, Bazelais, et al... - Angelot at p. 98. )

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What Historians usually forget to say about Jean Jacques Dessalines: Dessalines was a revolutionary centuries ahead of his time by Marguerite Laurent, HLLN, October 17, 2006

General Jean Jacques Dessalines created the nation of Haiti on January 1, 1804. He fought so that Haiti would be a Black Independent Nation. Unlike Toussaint Louverture, Dessalines did not want to rule Haiti on behalf of the French or any other European power, but envisioned Haiti as an un-colonized, free, sovereign and independent nation, ruled by the inhabitants of Haiti with liberty, brotherhood (fraternity) and justice (equality) for all.

200th years after the assassination of Dessalines, countless countries in Africa, Asia, Latin American and the Caribbean cannot say they have even reached this Haitian revolutionary consensus, but rather have accepted neocolonialism as the best they can do. Dessalines rejected slavery, colonialism, racism and neo-colonialism. Dessalines was ahead of his time.

Dessalines was assassinated by the Haitian forces in the newly formed Haitian state most fearful of independence, most allied to the old colonial status quo.

In particular, Jean Jacques Dessalines was assassinated 200 years ago, on October 17, 1806, because he wanted the assets of the newly formed Black nation to be equitably divided amongst all the Haitians in Haiti. He wasn't an administrator or agronomist, but he saw himself as a defender, a parent, so-to-speak, who wanted all his children to share in the assets of the country and be duly provided for. He insisted that Haitians would own Haiti, its assets and harvests, not foreigners or their companies (as it is formalized today in the so-called more "developed" parts of Latin America. For instance, the US-client-states in the Western Hemisphere with the MOST foreign companies owning everything, such as Chile (forget human rights, social inclusion, forget who really owns EVERYTHING there) are recognized, DEFINED, by the EHMs* - developmental economics, IMF and World Bank folks - as Latin Americas' “richest" countries and Haiti, with the least foreign companies and LEAST foreign ownership in the Western Hemisphere within its borders is DEFINED as the “poorest” Latin American country in the Western Hemisphere. (See also, "The West receives US$10 for every US$1 it puts into Africa. In this case, who is giving aid to who or to put it more correctly, who is exploiting who?" 'Black People Remain Oppressed', The Herald (Harare) May 25, 2006, http://www.margueritelaurent.com/pressc ... #oppressed; Expose the Lies and "Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: How the U.S. Uses Globalization to Cheat Poor Countries Out of Trillions " )

That struggle for Haitian ownership of Haiti and for intra-Haitian economic and social equity continues to this day. However, Dessalines put Haitians ahead of all the former colonized countries in the world. For, in one fell swoop, he accomplished the unimaginable. He abolished the European-sponsored holocaust in Haiti called chattel slavery; he destroyed outright colonialism, made neocolonialism unseemly and forever crippled the idea that Blacks were inferior to whites by beating, in combat, the greatest white armies in the world. Jean Jacques Dessalines decimated Napoleons' army in Haiti, blowing the white settlers pre-conceived notions about Black inferiority to smithereens by summarily accomplishing what the greatest European military powers of that time, fighting against Napoleon's imperialism, were themselves unable to do.

Haiti's founding father MANIFESTED the proposition that supreme authority rested in the people to determine their own destiny and thereby accomplished what most of the Euro/US philosophers and intellectuals of his time, still beholden to monarchy, were yet to even conceive was possible by their own white masses, much less Africans and Africans who were enslaved for 300 years. The English and Spanish never quite got rid of their hereditary monarchs and the French not until 1848. In contrast, Dessalines accepted the title of Emperor, but refuse to be a monarch. He accepted the title of Emperor that his generals asked him to take, but only with the proviso that he would forever retain his true station as the senior general of generals in the Revolutionary Haitian army. He specifically renounced, in his acceptance letter, as unfair and un-democratic, that his power would automatically pass on to his family members. Dessalines did not believe in inherited wealth or power. He believed that all consideration of seniority should be based on a person's actions and demonstrated qualities and skills. He said "often it is the young who have the necessary fire to lead, rather than the old who will hesitate at the opportune time..."

Most Western historians forget to inform their readers about the conditions Dessalines placed on his acceptance of the title of "Emperor of Haiti." Most, would rather paint Dessalines as a Black barbarian with illusions of grandeur because he killed the French who enslaved Blacks and took on the title of Emperor of Haiti.

But, according to the historical record, it wasn't Dessalines' idea to become Emperor. He accepted his generals written request and wishes that he not be “Governor General” of the Island because that implied a colonial relationship. But he said: "...Je suis soldat, la guerre fut toujours mon partage, et tant que l'acharnement, la barbarie et l'avarice de nos ennemis les porteront sur nos rivages, je justifierai votre choix, et combattant à votre tête, je prouverai que le titre de vote général sera toujours honorable pour moi. Le rang auquel vous m'élevez m'apprend que je suis devenue le père de mes concitoyens don't j'etais le defenseur...le père d'une famille de guerriers…je renonce, oui je renonce à l'usage injuste de faire passer ma puissance à ma famille...souvent la tête qui recèle le feu bouillant de la jeunesse de son pays que la tête froide et expèrimentée du vieillard qui temporise dans les moments ou la témérité seule convient. C'est à ces conditions que je suis votre supèrieur..." (Jean Jacques Dessalines, "Lettre Responsive De Dessalines a la Requete De Ses Generaux" Feb. 15, 1804. Source: "La Constitution de 1805...deux cents ans après: Les chants de resistance" by Bell Angelot, p. 100)

Dessalines' high ideals are expressed in this document - Lettre Responsive De Dessalines a la Requete De Ses Generaux - where he outlined that nobility and rank should be earned not inherited or gifted as a right. He rejected the concept of influence, - of an aristocratic, social or political class - based on bloodlines or nationality. Neither Britain, France, Spain or the others who spent their literature and time marginalizing this slave-who-become-emperor by the strength of his will, talents and skills, had yet to give up their monarchs and its unseemingly and Medieval hereditary rights.

Dessalines stayed true to his revolutionary ideas until his death. (See HLLN's “Three ideals of Dessalines” and a staunch democrat, see “I want the assets of the country to be equitably divided.”) He re-established Black peoples as whole human beings who possessed the inalienable right to self-defense against barbarism, colonialism, financial exploitation and racism. Jean Jacques Dessalines used his life energies to advance, uphold and manifest the world's most developed and civilized application of human rights, values and dignity.

Thank you Papa Dessalines.

Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network (HLLN)
October 17, 2006
"Sèl blan ki bon blan se blan k met fizi sou move blan yo" (Moriso Lewa)

Notes:
*1. EHM - In his book, Confessions of an Economic Hit Man, John Perkins writes:[quote]
"Economic hit men (EHMs) are highly paid professionals who cheat countries around the globe out of trillions of dollars. They funnel money from the World Bank, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other foreign "aid" organizations into the coffers of huge corporations and the pockets of a few wealthy families who control the planet's natural resources. Their tools include fraudulent financial reports, rigged elections, payoffs, extortion, sex, and murder. They play a game as old as empire, but one that has taken on new and terrifying dimensions during this time of globalization. I should know; I was an EHM."[/quote]

In Haiti, their tool is also endless debt, extortion, payoffs, kidnapping, polarization, manufactured conflicts and coup d'etat. Kidnapping of President Aristide just as they tried and failed with President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela earlier.

At the beginning of his book, Perkins writes, [quote]"....Jaime Roldòs, president of Ecuador, and Omar Torrijos, president of Panama. Both ...died in fiery crashes. Their deaths were not accidental. They were assassinated because they opposed that fraternity of corporate, government, and banking heads whose goal is global empire. We EHMs (Economic Hit Men) failed to bring Roldòs and Torrijos around, and the other type of hit men, the CIA-sanctioned jackals who were always right behind us, stepped in." (From, "Why are the Impoverished and Disenfranchised Haitian People Being Forced to Pay Ten Years Back-Pay to the Brutal Military they Disbanded Ten Years Ago?: Debt Breeds Dependency Equals Foreign & Corporate Domination" by Marguerite Laurent, January 4, 2005 http://www.margueritelaurent.com/pressc ... thugs.html )[/quote]

2. I want the assets of the country to be equitably divided." Jean Jacques Dessalines


3. "Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: How the U.S. Uses Globalization to Cheat Poor Countries Out of Trillions " and Confessions of a Economic Hit Man by John Perkins

4. 'Black People Remain Oppressed', The Herald (Harare) May 25, 2006, ,

5. F.M.I., travay Feliks Moriso Lewa

*
Lewa's Audio recording of FMI


6. USAID Spent More Than 10 million U.S. Dollars since May 2004 to Decimate Lavalas Party in Haiti, See USAID/OTI Haiti Program Fact Sheet, May 22, 2006


7. List of October 17th activities: Dessalines' Zero Tolerance for despots - We will detonate and burn Haiti down and all rather die before we accept a return to slavery and colonialism. Desalin di: "Depi teritwa nou an menase, koupe tèt, boule kay paske Ayisyen pap retounen lan esklavaj" http://www.margueritelaurent.com/pressc ... .html#zero

8. Three Historical Documents on Dessalines' Assassination


9. Three Ideals of Dessalines


10. Dessalines' Law

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Thank you Father Dessalines by Feliks Moriso Lewa

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